pISSN: 1738-0170

청소년시설환경, Vol.18. no.4. (2020)
pp.43~54

다문화청소년의 사회적지지가 학교적응에 미치는 영향 - 성취목표의 조절효과 검증을 중심으로 -

김태균

(성산효대학원대학교 아동청소년교육학과 부교수)

정철상

(호서대학교 청소년문화상담학과 부교수)

The purpose of this study is to clarify the effects of parent support, teacher support and friend social support for multi-cultural youth on their school adaptation and to analyze the moderating effects of achievement motivation. This study analyzed 1,329 adolescents from 2016 multi-cultural youth panel data. As a result of analysis, first, it was found that social support and achievement motivation had positive effects on school adaptation, and that there was also the moderating effect of achievement motivation. Second, it was found that parent support, friend support, teacher support, and achievement motivation had positive (+) effects on adaptation to peer relationship. And it was found that achievement motivation had moderating effects on parent support (+) and friend support (-). Third, it was found that parent support, friend support, teacher support, and achievement motivation had no effect on adaptation to academic life. Fourth, it was found that parent support, friend support, teacher support, and achievement motivation had positive effects on adaptation to relationship with teacher. And it was found that achievement motivation had a moderating effect on parent support (+). The above results suggest that social support and achievement motivation are important factors necessary for multi-cultural youth's school adaptation.
  다문화청소년; 성취목표; 부모지지; 또래지지; 교사지지; 학교적응;Multi-cultural youth; Achievement goal; Parent support; Peer support; Teacher support; School adaptation

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